PE 1: Childhood and Growing Up

Course Description: This course is designed to enable students to have an understanding of different stages of Child Development, Issues and concerns of Childhood and Adolescence and Socio Cultural Perspectives of Childhood.


S. No


Learning Objectives
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)

Teaching Guidelines




Development of Child at different Stages (Childhood & Adolescence)

  • Concept, Meaning and general principles of Growth and development. Stages of Development—growth and development across various stages from infancy to Adolescence

  • Describe different aspects of a child’s physical, intellectual, social and moral development
  • Explain principles of growth and development

To cover various aspects of concept of growth and development from infancy to adolescence

  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions


4 Hrs


  • Physical, Intellectual, Social and Moral Development and their interrelationship


  • Discuss dimensions and stages of childhood development and developmental tasks; with a focus on cognitive views of learning as well as social-cultural and constructivism

To cover developmental aspects stage wise from infancy to adolescence

  • Power Point Presentations
  • Student interactive sessions


3 Hrs


  • Piaget’s concept of cognitive development
  • Kohlberg’s theory of moral development
  • Erikson’s psycho-social development theory
  • Explain Piaget’s concept of cognitive development
  • Differentiate between Kohlberg’s theory of moral development and Erickson’s theory of psycho-social development

To cover important theories of cognitive, moral and psychosocial growth and development

  • Power Point Presentations
  •  Discussion


3 Hrs


  • Factors affecting Growth and development
  • Relative role of heredity and environment in development
  • Concept of growth and maturation
  • Facilitating holistic development (For self and society)
  • Explain the meaning, concept and characteristics of growth, maturation and development at various stages
  • Elucidate the role of heredity and environment in development

To cover the various factors which affects growth and development; definition and concept of maturation; effect of heredity and environment in development

  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions
  • Problem based learning


6 Hrs


Understanding Adolescence: Issues and Concerns

  • Realistic and contextual frames of growing up in Adolescence
  • Cultural differences and Adolescence
  • Impact of economic changes and urbanization
  • Impact of Media
  • Adolescence in difficult circumstances: Increasing loneliness, changing family    structure and rising permissiveness
  • Recognize the difficult circumstances affecting deeply the life of an adolescent
  • Have an empathy with the children living in difficult circumstances



To cover stage of adolescence from different perspectives; impact of economic changes and media on adolescent;  Discuss impact of economic changes and urbanization on life of an adolescent; reasons for difficult circumstances faced by adolescents

  • Problem based learning
  • Brain Storming Sessions
  • Power Point Presentations

7 Hrs


  • Issues and Concerns
  • Problems of adjustment
  • Understanding of emotional disturbance and risk behavior
  • Identity Crisis
  • Parent child conflict
  • Drug addiction and Abuse
  • Bullying
  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Discuss various issues and concerns  related to adolescence
  • Give reasons for problems of adjustment faced at the crucial stage of adolescence


To cover reasons of maladjustment of adolescents; understanding of their emotional disturbances; problem with parents; drug addiction, abuse and bullying; meaning, definition and major causes of juvenile delinquency
  • Power Point Presentations
  • Project Method
  • Student Interactive Sessions

7 Hrs


  • Health awareness – Personal Hygiene, Nutrition, Disease prevention and Control
  • Create awareness regarding adolescent’s health and personal hygiene, nutrition, disease prevention and control
To cover definition and dimensions of health, mental health, definition of nutrition and causes of malnutrition; types of diseases and their control
  • Didactic
  • Discussion with students

2 Hrs


Understanding Childhood in Socio Cultural Perspective

  • The 21st century child and childhood in the context of Poverty, Globalization and Adult Culture
  • Describe childhood in the context of poverty and globalization


To cover definition and concept of poverty, globalization and adult culture; impact of poverty, globalization and adult culture on childhood
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

3 Hrs


Concept of Socialization

  • Family- Parenting, Child rearing practices and influence on developmental aspects of childhood and adolescence
  • Peers- Friendship and Gender, Competition, Cooperation and Conflict, Aggression and Peer Influences
  • School- Relationship with Peers, Teachers and Staff, Teacher Expectation and school Achievement, Overage Learners and Peer Relationships
  • Social, Economic and Cultural differences in Socialization: Implications for inclusion
  • Give a detailed account of concept of socialization with reference to childhood
  • Explain role and influence of family, peer group and school in the process of socialization and developmental aspects of a child


To cover process of socialization; role of family, peer and school on socialization; impact of aforesaid agencies on development of child and adolescent; meaning of social, cultural and economic differences; their implications on inclusion
  • Brain Storming Session
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

10 Hrs


Promoting Development of All Children in the classroom
Positive Classroom Environment, Social and Emotional Wellbeing of All children, Addressing Diversity and Equality
  • Discuss the measures required to be adopted for promoting development of all children in the classroom
To cover definition and concept of well being; types of well being; understanding diversity; equality as a means of promoting development of all children in the classroom
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

3 Hrs


Childhood Issues and Concerns
Social issues:

  • Measures for Adjustment and Education of children in difficult circumstances like:
  • Separation of Parents
  • Loss of parents in Armed conflict
  • Survivors of Child Abuse
  • Slum Areas
  • Weaker sections
  • Explain the process of adjustment
  • Describe problems of adjustment and education of children going through separation of parents, loss of parents, abuse, slum dwellers and weaker sections
  • Empathise with children going through difficult circumstances


To cover definition and concept of adjustment with special reference to children going through difficult circumstances; impact of separation or loss of parents on child adjustment; problem in adjustment of children of slum areas and weaker sections
  • Brain Storming Session
  • Problem based learning
  • Student interactive sessions

8 Hrs


Health Concerns

  • Child Obesity: Causes and Remedies, Prevention through Sports activities and Yoga
  • Child Abuse: Issues, Problems and Awareness about Rights of the Child
  • Analyse health related problems of a child and put forward the measures of prevention through sports and yoga
  • Examine problems of children suffering from child abuse
  • Create an awareness regarding the rights of the children in India
To cover causes and remedies of child obesity; role of sports and yoga in prevention of child obesity; issues and problems of child abuse; rights of children
  • Brain Storming Session
  • Student interactive sessions

3 Hrs


Equity Issues and Inclusion: Inclusion of the Differently Abled Street Children and other marginalized groups in the context of India: Problems and strategies to achieve Education for All
  • Describe the problems being faced in the inclusion of marginalized groups and weaker sections in the context of India
To cover meaning of equity and inclusion; causes of exclusion of marginalized groups; provisions and strategies for inclusion
  • Brain Storming Session
  • Problem based learning
  • Student interactive sessions

5 Hrs