PE 2: Contemporary India and Education

Course Description: This course aims to develop an understanding of education as an agenda for the nation state and its policy visions and efforts in evolving a national system of education. This would also help the students to become aware about the various emerging issues in Indian

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Learning Objectives
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)

Teaching Guidelines




Constitution of India and Education

  • Concurrent status of Education
  • Policies, Acts and Provisions related to Education
  • Education of marginalized and socially disadvantaged segments
  • Explain education as a means of social justice in the Indian Constitution
  • Build a perspective on the processes of alienation and socio-economic deprivation of a large number of students
  • Make an analysis of the complex relationship between education and equality
To cover educational provisions ad acts given in the constitution of India; provisions related to education of weaker sections in India
  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentations


6 Hrs


  • Education and Fundamental Rights and Duties: Articles 14, 15, 16, 30 and 51A
  • Directive Principles of State Policies
  • Describe education in context of fundamental rights and duties
  • State directive principles of policies of State
To cover articles related directly or indirectly to the education; fundamental rights and duties
  • Power Point Presentations
  • Didactic



  • Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009
  • National Curriculum Framework 2005: Needs and Objectives
  • Put in plain words the provisions of Right to Education Act
  • Discuss the importance of National Curriculum Framework 2005 and its role in development of school curriculum
To cover point to point details of Right to Education Act; problems in its implementation; need objectives and contents of National Curriculum Framework 2005
  • Power Point Presentations
  •  Group Discussion
  • Student Interactive Session


5 Hrs


Review of Education Commissions and Policies in India:

  • Prominent characteristics of Education in India during colonial rule
  • Discuss features of the kind of education system prevailed during colonial rule in India
  • Enumerate merits and demerits of education system during colonial rule
To cover education system of preindependent India; its basic characteristics; drawbacks and limitations
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

3 Hrs


  • Critical appraisal of recommendations of following commissions:
  • Secondary Education commission (1952-53)
  • Indian Education Commission (1964-66)
  • National Policy of Education (1986)
  • Ramamurthy Education Commission (1990)
  • Programme of Action (1992)
  • National Knowledge Commission (NKC)
  • Give details of recommendations of various commissions and policies related to different stages of education in India
  • review critically the commission reports and policy documents through a thematic focus, linking the contemporary context with salient debates since independence
To cover commissions and committees related to education in Post independent India; recommendations of these commissions and committees; critical analysis
  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentations

11 Hrs


  • Learning without Burden (1993)
  • Make a critical analysis of report of Learning without burden
To cover recommendations of report of learning without burden
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

2 Hrs


Initiatives of the Government of India:

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
  • Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA)
  • Mid day Meal (MDM)
  • Explain various initiatives and schemes launched from time to time by Government of India for education
  • List objectives of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Rashtriy Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan
  • Discuss recommendations of SSA and RMSA for education of school children
  • Describe Mid Day Meal Scheme in detail
To cover objective, financial outlay and recommendations of various schemes of Government of India for education of school children
  • Didactic
  • Discussion with students
  • Project Method

2 Hrs


  • Schemes for Girls, SC, ST and marginalized group
  • Give details of various schemes of Central and State Government for the education of weaker sections
To cover various policies and provisions by Central and State Government for Girls, SC, ST and Marginalized section of society
  • Didactic
  • Project Method

3 Hrs


  • ICT in School Education: National Repository of Open Educational Resources (NROER)
  • Illustrate use of information and communication technology in school education
  • Elaborate about the government initiative of National Repository of Open Educational Resources
To cover definition, concept, advantages, limitation of ICT in school education; importance of NROER
  • Brain Storming Session
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

2 Hrs


Some Emerging Issues:

  • Universalization of Elementary Education
  • Describe trends, issues and challenges facing contemporary Indian society
  • Give reasons for slow progress of universalisation of elementary education in the country despite several efforts
To cover need, concept, problem and various projects related to universalisation of elementary education
  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentations

2 Hrs


  • Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization
  • Common School System
  • Vocationalisation of Education
  • Three Language Formulas
  • Explain meaning of globalisation, liberalization and privatization with reference to education
  • Describe features of Common school system
  • Discuss problems and hurdles in the path of Vocationalisation of education in India
  • Elucidate relevance of three language formula
To cover meaning, definition and importance of globalisation, liberalization and privatization; prominent characteristics of common school system; need, programmes and problems of Vocationalisation of education in India; meaning and significance of three language formula
  • Brain Storming Session
  • Problem based learning
  • Student interactive sessions

6 Hrs


  • Open learning and Distance Education System
  • Differentiate between open and distance education
  • List out benefits of distance education system
To cover history, meaning, relevance and characteristics of open learning and distance education system
  • Didactic
  • Student interactive sessions

1 Hrs


Contemporary Issues in Indian Education:

  • Culture and Education
  • Democracy and Education
  • Inequalities in Modern Education
  • Appreciate perspectives in education including social basis of education
  • Expand their own view about education and its development in social and cultural context
  • Visualize meaningfully the contemporary India
To cover definition concept and importance of culture; relationship of culture and education; concept of cultural lag and cultural conflict; definition and meaning of democracy; democratic principles in education; lack of equality in modern education system
  • Group Discussion
  • Didactic
  • Problem Solving Method

6 Hrs


  • New Economic Reforms and their impact on Education
  • Education for Technological Empowerment
  • Critically analyse recent  economic reforms and their impact on education
  • Correlate education and technology and their interdependence
To cover new economic reforms in world and India; effect of these reforms on education system; application and significance of technology in education
  • Project Method
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Session

3 Hrs


  • Role of teacher in the context of Universal Education
  • Reservation as an egalitarian Policy


  • Delineate role of teacher in context of contemporary education in India
  • Outline reasons for reservation system
To cover role, responsibilities and problems faced by teacher in context of universal education; critical analysis of reservation policy of country
  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentation

3 Hrs


  • Modernization: Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Explain the concept of modernization, its advantages and disadvantages
To cover concept, definition; advantages and  limitations of modernization
  • Brain storming
  • Question answer method

2 Hrs


  • Justice Verma Commission 2012 and its recommendations
  •  Summarize the recommendation of Justice Verma Commission
To cover objectives and recommendations of Justice Verma Commission
  • Didactic

2 Hrs