Curriculum | B. Ed. | PE 5: Knowledge and Curriculum

PE 5: Knowledge and Curriculum

Course Description: This course would help the students to understand the concept of knowledge and knowing, different ways of knowing and facets of knowing. Apart from this students would be made aware about the concept of curriculum and its various designs & approaches.

S. No


Learning Objectives
(At the end of the session the student should be able to)

Teaching Guidelines




  • Knowledge: Key Concepts


  • Describe kinds and sources of knowledge
  • Explain methods of acquiring knowledge
  • Discriminate between information and knowledge
  • Differentiate between belief and truth
  • Distinguish between reasoning and analysis

To cover Meaning of Knowledge and Knowing, Kinds of Knowledge and Sources of Knowledge; Methods of acquiring Knowledge; Distinction between Information and Knowledge, Belief and truth, Reasoning and Analysis

  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentations
  • Group Discussions


6 Hrs


  • Different Ways of Knowing


  • Explain relative role of knower and the known in the process of knowledge transmission and construction
  • Illustrate with examples the paradigm shift from knowledge as a product to knowing as a process
  • Discuss the role of teacher in assimilation and dissemination of information and knowledge

To cover Relative roles of the Knower and the Known in Knowledge transmission and construction; Contribution of the Teachers in Assimilation and Dissemination of Information and

  • Power Point Presentations
  • Didactic
  • Brain Storming Sessions

4 Hrs


  • Indian Thinkers and Knowledge


  • Compare knowledge and education as visualized by Gandhi and Tagore
  • Analyse the thoughts of J Krishnamurti on knowledge and education
  • Describe the process of knowledge construction as given by Piaget and Vygotsky

To cover Knowledge and Education as visualized by different Indian thinkers like M. K Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore, Sri Aurobindo and J Krishnamurti; Process of Construction of Knowledge as given by Jean Piaget, Jerome Bruner and Lev Vygotsky

  • Power Point Presentations
  •  Group Discussion
  • Student Interactive Session


6 Hrs


  • Different facets of Knowledge and Relationship


  • Elaborate different facets of knowledge
  • Establish relationship between concrete and abstract facets of knowledge
  • Differentiate between contextual and textual knowledge

To cover different facets of knowledge  and relationship such as Local and Universal; Concrete and Abstract; Theoretical and Practical; Contextual and Textual; School and Out of School

  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions


3 Hrs


  • Culture and Knowledge


  • Discuss the role of culture in providing knowledge
  • Outline the emerging problems relating to knowledge

To cover Role of Culture in knowing; Ways of Knowledge rendered in to action; Emerging problems relating to Knowledge

  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentations


4 Hrs


  • Epistemology of Indian Philosophies


  • Compare epistemology of Sankhya and Vedanta philosophy of India
  • Name the sources of knowledge according to the Indian philosophies

To cover epistemology of Sankhya

  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions
  • Project Method

4 Hrs


  • Epistemology of Western Philosophies


  • Discuss the process of gaining the knowledge with respect to idealism and naturalism
  • Contrast epistemology of pragmatism and existentialism
  • Compare epistemology of Indian and Western philosophies

To cover epistemology of Idealism; Naturalism; Pragmatism and Existentialism

  • Didactic
  • Discussion with students
  • Project Method

8 Hrs


  • Conceptual Framework of Curriculum


  • Discuss in detail the components of curriculum
  • Delineate various principles of curriculum

To cover meaning, nature, need and components of curriculum; Principles of curriculum construction; Bases of curriculum

  • Didactic
  • Project Method

4 Hrs


  • Different Approaches to Curriculum


  • Explain different approaches of curriculum
  • Compare traditional approach and learner driven approach to curriculum
  • Discuss merits and demerits of critical approach to curriculum

To cover Traditional approach; Learner driven approach; Critical approach

  • Brain Storming Session
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Sessions

4 Hrs


  • Differentiating the Concepts


  • Differentiate between curriculum and syllabus
  • Tell the significance of syllabus and curriculum in school education

To cover curriculum framework;  curriculum and syllabus; their significance in school education

  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentations

4 Hrs


  • Facets of Curriculum


  • Describe the components of core curriculum
  • Discuss the importance of hidden curriculum in various subjects

To cover Core Curriculum: Significance in Indian Context; Hidden Curriculum – Meaning and Importance in various subjects

  • Brain Storming Session
  • Problem based learning

4 Hrs


  • Curriculum Design Models


  • To delineate upon the designs of curriculum development
  • Discuss the various components required in curriculum development

To cover Discipline Centered Design, Learner Centered Design & Problem Centered Design; Components required in Curriculum Development

  • Didactic
  • Student interactive sessions

 5 Hrs


  • Curriculum Change
  • Explain need for change in curriculum
  • Describe the factors affecting curriculum change

To cover Meaning, Need and Factors affecting Curriculum Change

  • Group Discussion
  • Didactic
  • Problem Solving Method

4 Hrs


  • Models for Curriculum Development


  • Name models of curriculum development
  • Make a flow chart of different models of curriculum development
  • Compare grassroot model and administrative model of curriculum development

To cover Administrative Model; Grass Root Model; System Analysis Model

  • Project Method
  • Didactic
  • Student Interactive Session

4 Hrs


  • Teacher and Curriculum


  • Explain the role of teacher in development of curriculum
  • Discuss methods of transacting curriculum

To cover Role of Teacher in Researching Curriculum; Developing Curriculum; Transacting Curriculum

  • Didactic
  • Power Point Presentation

3 Hrs