CPS 2: Pedagogy of Biological Sciences

S. No Topic Domain Hours
Unit – I Biological Science: Aims and Objectives

  • Nature, History, Scope and Interdisciplinary linkage of Biological Sciences
  • General Aims and Objectives of Biological Sciences
  • Facts and Principles of Biology & its applications consistent with the Stages of Cognitive Development of learners, Origin of life and Evolution, Biodiversity, Observation and Experiments in Biological Science.
  • Bloom’s Taxonomy of educational objectives
  • Formulation of specific objective of
  • Biological Science in behavioral terms


Desirable to Know



Must Know

Unit – II Pedagogical Analysis and Action Research

  • Meaning, Importance and Steps of Pedagogical Analysis
  • Pedagogical Analysis on the following


Ø  Photosynthesis,

Ø  Human digestive system,

Ø  Food Chain,

Ø  Ecological Balance

  • Action Research: Concept and Identification of problems faced by the teachers in the classroom
  • Development of scientific attitude and temper and nurturance of curiosity, creativity and value


Must Know


Nice to Know

Unit – III Instructional Material, Approaches and Skills

  • Development of Instructional Material: Unit planning, Lesson planning, Preparation of
  • Teaching aids, Development of Demonstration Experiments.
  • Development of Self-Instructional Materials, Linear Programme
  • Teaching Strategies: Problem Solving, Investigatory Approach, Collaborative Learning, Experimental Learning, Constructivist Approach
  • Micro Teaching Skills: Skill of Introducing the Lesson, Skill of Questioning, Skill of Illustration, Skill of Explaining, Skill of Stimulus Variation



Must Know



Unit – IV Professional Development of a Biological Science Teacher

  • Need and Importance for Professional Development at Individual level, Organizational level and Government level
  • Need and Relevance of Participation in Seminars, Workshops, Conferences, Symposia etc as well as membership of Professional Organizations in Professional Development of teachers
  • Field Visits to Institutions/ Organizations such as Schools, Museums, Parks, Research Organizations etc.
  • Preparing the Teacher for Technology Integration: Planning with Integrating Technology for Inquiry (NTeQ) in Biology at Senior Secondary school level
  • Teacher as a Researcher: Need and Competencies


Desirable to Know


Nice to Know



Must Know


Tasks & Assignments: Any Two Activities

  • Prepare a Model of Food Chain
  • Prepare a Model of Respiratory System
  • Prepare a Model of Excretory System
  • Visit a nearby school and prepare a report on Biological Science Teaching


Suggested Reading:

  • Aggarwal, D. D. (2008). Modern Method of Teaching Biology, Karanpaper Books. New Delhi.
  • Anderson, R.D. (1992). Issues of Curriculum Reform in Science, Mathematics and Higher Order Thinking Across the Disciplines: The Curriculum U.S.A: University of Colorado.
  • Bremmer, J. (1967). Teaching Biology, Macmillan, London.
  • Buffaloe, N. and Throneberry, J.B. (1972). Principles of Biology, University Press, New Delhi: Prentice- Hall of India Ltd.
  • &Robert, S. (1989).Teaching Modern Science (5th edition). U.S.A: Merill Publishing Co.
  • Green, T.L. (1965). The Teaching of Biology in Tropical Secondary Schools, London: Oxford University Press.
  • Gupta, S.K. (1985).Teaching of Physical Science in Secondary Schools. New Delhi, Sterling Publishing (Pvt. Ltd).
  • E.D., Obourn. S., & Hoffman. C.W. (1985) Modern Science Teaching. New Delhi: Sterling Publishing (Pvt) Ltd. MacMillan Company Press.
  • Heiss, Obourn., & Hoffman. (1985) Modern Science in Secondary Schools. New Delhi: Sterling Publishing Private Ltd.
  • Nayak, (2003). Teaching of Physics. New Delhi: APH Publications.
  • Pandey, (2003). Major Issues in Science Teaching. New Delhi: Sumit Publications.
  • Passi, B.K. (1976). Becoming a Better Teacher: Micro Teaching Approach, Ahmadabad: Sahitya Mudranalaya.
  • Patton, M.Q. (1980).Qualitative Evaluation Methods. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Sharma, R.C. (2006). Modern Science Teaching .New Delhi: Dhanpat Rai Publications.
  • Siddifit, S. (1985). Teaching of Science Today and Tomorrow. New Delhi: Doaba’s House.
  • Yadav, M.S. (2003) Teaching of Science. New Delhi: Anmol Publications.