CPS 3: Pedagogy of Physical Sciences

S. No Topic Domain Hours
Unit – I Importance of Teaching of Physical Science

  • Nature, Concept & Scope of Physical Sciences and its Place in the School Curriculum
  • History of Physical Sciences with special emphasis on Teaching of Physical Science
  • Aims and Objectives of teaching Physical Sciences

Ø  Difference between the terms ‘Aims’ and ‘Objectives’

Ø  Aims of teaching Physical Sciences at Middle, Secondary and Senior Secondary Stages.

Ø  Bloom’s Taxonomy of educational objectives.

Ø  Instructional Objectives of teaching Physical Sciences at the school stage and their formulation

  • Physical Science Teacher: Qualities & Responsibilities



Desirable to Know




Must Know

Unit – II Approaches & Methods of Teaching Physical Sciences

  • Development of Teaching Skills through Micro Teaching (Probing Questions, Introducing the Lesson, Explaining, Illustration with Examples, Using Chalkboard and Stimulus Variation)
  • Methods and Approaches of teaching Physical Sciences: Lecture cum Demonstration method, Project method and Problem Solving method, Constructivist approach, Experimental Learning and Inquiry Approach
  • Aids, Equipments and Assistance in teaching Physical Sciences:
  • Need and importance of Physical Sciences Laboratory
  • Preparation and use of Teaching Aids
  • Unit and Lesson Planning
  • Popularization and Propagation of Physical Sciences through Science Exhibition, Science Magazine, Science Trip and Science Quiz

Must Know


Desirable to Know



Nice to Know

Unit – III Pedagogical Analysis of Contents in Physical Sciences

  • Contents Analysis, Pedagogical Analysis and their comparison. Study of items: Division of Units into sub- units, Teaching requirements, Instructional objectives, Teaching strategies, Previous Knowledge Testing, Topic announcement,
  • Concepts of Contents, Presentation, Teaching Aids Use, Demonstration Experimental Verification, Thought Provoking Questions and Criterion Based Tests.
  • Pedagogical analysis of any three of the following topics:

Ø  Atomic Structure

Ø  Energy and its types

Ø  Environment and Pollution

Ø  Water as a Universal Solvent

Ø  Transmission of Heat

Ø  Magnetism

Ø  Friction








Must Know





Unit – IV Evaluating Outcomes of Physical Sciences Teaching

  • Indicators of Quality Learning and Major Issues in Classroom Learning with special reference to Physical Sciences
  • Concept of Test, Measurement and Evaluation
  • Differentiate between the terms ‘Examination’ and ‘Evaluation’
  • Qualities of a good test, Principles and Steps in Construction of an Achievement Test, Blue Print and Question Paper, Item Analysis, Construction of Multiple Choice Questions, Diagnostic test, Remedial teaching in Physical Sciences
  • Continuous and Comprehensive evaluation, Formative and Summative Assessment, Grading pattern
  • Selection of Appropriate Evaluation Technique

Must Know










Tasks & Assignments: Any Two Activities

  • Preparation of Unit Plan and two lesson plans on any topic of Physical Science included in the Science text book of Secondary School.
  • Write Book Review on any two books in Physical Sciences.
  • Write Review on Science Exhibition, Science Trip, Science Fair, Science Fiction Movie and Scientific Environment of Class.
  • Preparation of a unit/ achievement test on any topic by developing the Blue Print and the test items conforming to the blue print.
  • Preparation of a tool/ device based on any principle of Physical Sciences.


Suggested Readings:

  • Gupta, S.K. (1985). Teaching of Physical Science in Secondary Schools. New Delhi: Sterling Publications (Pvt.) Limited.
  • Joshi, D. (2012).Methodology of Teaching Science. New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd.
  • Mangal, S.K. (2009). Teaching of Physical Sciences. New Delhi: Arya Book Depot.
  • (2003). Major Issues in Science Teaching. New Delhi: Sumit Publications.
  • Radha, M.(2010). Teaching of Physical Science. New Delhi: Neelkamal Publishers.
  • Rahi, A.S. (2012). Pedagogy in Physical Sciences and Teachers. U.S:Createspace Publications.
  • Sharma, R.C. (2006). Modern Science Teaching. New Delhi: Dhanpat Rai Publications.
  • Sonika, R.(2012). Methodology of Teaching Science. New Delhi: Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd.
  • Sood, J.K. (1992). New Directions in Science Teaching. Chandigarh: Kohli Publishers.
  • Vanaja, M. (2010). Educational Technology. New Delhi: Neelkamal Publishers.