CPS 4: Assessment of Learning

S. No Topic Domain Hours
Unit – I
  • Assessment, Measurement and Evaluation
    • Concept of Assessment, Measurement, Evaluation and Examination
    • Need for Assessment and Evaluation
    • Importance and Principles of Assessment
    • Difference between Assessment, Measurement, Evaluation and Examination
  • Examination as a tool for Assessment
    • Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation: Need, Relevance, Implementation, Procedure and Problems
  • National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 vision of Assessment for Learning
  • Teacher as a facilitator in Assessment for Learning
Must Know


Desirable to Know



Unit – II
  • Tools and Techniques
    • Characteristics of good measuring tools and factors affecting them
    • Reliability and Validity of Tools
  • Assessment Approaches:
    • Formative (Assessment for Learning) and Summative (Assessment of Learning)
    • Quantitative and Qualitative
  • Tools of Evaluation:
    • Quantitative: Written, Oral and Practical     (Covering all three domains of learning- Cognitive, Affective and Psychomotor)
    • Qualitative: Observation, Introspection, Projection and Sociometry
    • Self-assessment and Feedback
  • Planning and Preparation of an Achievement test (Including blue print)
    • Objective Type Test
    • Subjective Type Test
Must Know 16
Unit – III
  • New Trends and Issues in Assessment:
    • Semester System, Grading System, Credit system
    • Online Examination System, Question Bank, Open Book System
    • Flexibility in Examination, Exam on Demand
    • Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching for Qualitative Assessment
    • Using ICT for Innovation in Examination: Administration and Execution
  • Issues in Assessment:
    • Assessment at different stages
    • Design and Conduct of Assessment
    • Curricular Areas that can’t be Tested for Marks

Must Know


Unit – IV
  • Statistical Methods and Interpretation of Scores
    • Meaning, Need and Importance of Statistics in Evaluation
  • Some Statistical Techniques
    • Graphical Presentation of Data: Histogram, Frequency Polygon and Phi-Charts
    • Scales of Measurement
    • Measures of Central Tendency: Mean Median and Mode
    • Measures of Variability: Range, Quartile Deviation and Standard Deviation
    • Normal Probability Curve: Concept and Characteristics
    • Co-efficient of Correlation: Spearman’s Rank Difference Method
    • Percentile and Percentile Rank
Desirable to Know

Must Know



Tasks & Assignments: Any Two Activities

  • Project on: Online Exam and On Demand Exam.
  • Preparation of Diagnostic Test.
  • Preparation of Achievement Test and Its Analysis.
  • Preparation of Question Bank.
  • Preparation of Cumulative Record of One Student during Teaching Practice.


Suggested Readings:

  • Aggarwal, Y.P. (2002). Statistical Methods: Concepts, Applications and Computation. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Limited.
  • Anastasi, A. (1976). Psychological Testing. New York: McMillan Publishing Co., Inc.
  • Asthana, B. (2008). Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education. Agra: Agrawal Publications.
  • Bhargava, M. and Mathur, M. (2005). Psychometrics and Statistical Applications in Educational and Behavioral Sciences. Agra: H. P. Bhargava Book House.
  • P. S (1998). A Guide to Psychology Experiments and Statistical Formula. Agra: Vinod Pustak Mandir.
  • Ferguson, G.A. (1976). Statistical Analysis in Psychology and Education. Tokyo: McGraw Hill Kogakusha Limited.
  • Guilford, J.P. and Fruchter, B. (1970). Fundamental Statistics in Psychology and Education. New York: McMillan Publishing Co., Inc.
  • Gupta, C.B. and Gupta, V. (1995). An Introduction to Statistical Methods. Kanpur: Vikas Publishing Pvt. House.
  • Lewis, R.A. (1979). Psychological Testing and Assessment. London: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.
  • Mangal, S.K. (2002). Statistics in Psychology and Education. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.
  • Ebel Robert L., (1991). Essentials of Educational Measurement, Prentice Hall of India.
  • Linn, Robert L. and Gronlund, Norman E. (2000). Measurement and Assessment in Teaching; Pearson Education Inc.
  • Thorndike RL and Hagen (1977). Measurement and Evaluation in Psychology and Education.
  • Guskey, T.R. (2003). How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning. Educational Leadership, 60(5), 7-11.
  • Guskey, T.R. & Bailey, J.M. (2001). Developing Grading and Reporting Systems for Student Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA. Corwin.