|Unit – I||Development of Child at different Stages
(Childhood and Adolescence)
· Concept, Meaning and general principles of Growth and development. Stages of Development—growth and development across various stages from infancy to Adolescence
· Physical, Intellectual, Social and Moral Development and their interrelationship
· Piaget’s concept of cognitive development
· Kohlberg’s theory of moral development
· Erikson’s psycho-social development theory
· Factors affecting Growth and development
· Relative role of heredity and environment in development
· Concept of growth and maturation
· Facilitating holistic development (For self and society)
| Must Know
Desirable to Know
Nice to Know
|Unit – II||Understanding Adolescence: Issues and Concerns
· Realistic and contextual frames of growing up in Adolescence
· Cultural differences and Adolescence
· Impact of economic changes and urbanization
· Impact of Media
· Adolescence in difficult circumstances: Increasing loneliness, changing family structure and rising permissiveness
· Issues and Concerns
· Problems of adjustment
· Understanding of emotional disturbance and risk behavior
· Identity Crisis
· Parent child conflict
· Drug addiction and Abuse
· Juvenile delinquency
Health awareness – Personal Hygiene, Nutrition, Disease prevention and Control
Nice to Know
|Unit – III||Understanding Childhood in Socio Cultural Perspective
· The 21st century child and childhood in the context of Poverty, Globalization and Adult Culture
Concept of Socialization
· Family- Parenting, Child rearing practices and influence on developmental aspects of childhood and adolescence
· Peers- Friendship and Gender, Competition, Cooperation and Conflict, Aggression and Peer Influences
· School- Relationship with Peers, Teachers and Staff, Teacher Expectation and school Achievement, Overage Learners and Peer Relationships
· Social, Economic and Cultural differences in Socialization: Implications for inclusion
Promoting Development of All Children in the classroom
Positive Classroom Environment, Social and Emotional Wellbeing of All children, Addressing Diversity and Equality
| Nice to Know
Desirable to Know
|Unit – IV||Childhood Issues and Concerns
· Measures for Adjustment and Education of children in difficult circumstances like:
· Separation of Parents
· Loss of parents in Armed conflict
· Survivors of Child Abuse
· Slum Areas
· Weaker sections
· Child Obesity: Causes and Remedies, Prevention through Sports activities and Yoga
· Child Abuse: Issues, Problems and Awareness about Rights of the Child
Equity Issues and Inclusion: Inclusion of the Differently Abled Street Children and other marginalized groups in the context of India: Problems and strategies to achieve Education for All
Desirable to Know
Tasks & Assignments: Any Two Activities
- Administer any two of the following Psychological Tests and prepare a report on it:
- Adjustment Inventory
- Self-Concept Questionnaire/ Inventory
- Parenting Style Inventory
- Parental Disciplinary Practices Scale
- Studying Children in varying contexts in Childhood by undertaking a detailed Case Study of a Child
- Prepare an Observation Schedule and observe the behavior of a child in school setting.
- Prepare a Survey Report on “How media is affecting the behavior of growing children” on a group of Ten Children of age 6-14 years in terms of enhancing violence and developmental aspects of childhood. (The survey should be based on the collection of the data using a questionnaire)
- Aries, P. (1965).Centuries of Childhood-A Social History of the Family Life. Random House Inc. Chapter 1: The Ages of Life, Chapter 2: The Discovery of Childhood, and Conclusion – The two concepts of childhood.
- Bhatia, H. R. (1990). Elements of Educational Psychology Bombay: Orient Langman Ltd.
- Bodrova, E. and Leong, D. (1996). Tools of the Mind. New Jersey: Merrill. Chapter 1: Introduction to the Vygotskian Approach. Chapter 2: Acquiring Mental Tools and Higher Mental Functions, Chapter 3: The Vygotskian Framework and Other Theories of Development and Learning, Chapter 4: The Zone of Proximal Development.
- Chauhan, S. S. (2000). Psychology of Adolescence. New Delhi: Vikas Publishers.
- Cole, M., Cole, S. R. and Lightfoot, C. (2004). The Development of Children. New York: Worth Publishers. Chapter 1: The study of Human Development.
- Crain, W. (1992).Theories of Development: Concepts and Applications. (3rd Edition). New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Chapter 7 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral and Development, Chapter 8: Learning Theory: Pavlov, Watson, and Skinner, Chapter 9: Bandura’s Social Learning Theory, Chapter 11: Chapter 12: Erikson and the Eight Stages of Life.
- Gilligan, C. (1977). In a Different Voice: Women’s Conception of Self and Morality. Harvard Educational Review, 47 (4), 481-517.
- Hurlock, E. B. (1990). Adolescent Development. New York. McGraw Hill.
- Kakkar, S.B (1978).Indian Childhood: Cultural Ideas, and Social Reality, New Delhi: Oxford.
- Kauffman et al (1993).Exceptional Children. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
- Kundu, C.L. and Tutoo, D.N. (2000). Educational Psychology. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
- Mangal S.K (2002). Advanced Educational Psychology, New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Private Limited.
- Mathur, S. S. (2000). Shiksha Manovigyan. Agra: Vinod Pustak Bhandar.
- Mukunda, K. V. (2009). What Did You Ask in School Today? A Handbook on Child Learning, Noida: Harper Collins. Chapter 2: Learning, 22-50; Chapter 6: Moral Development, 117-146.
- Nanda, S.K (1995). Educational Psychology, Jalandhar: New Academic Publishing Co.
- Newman, B. M. and Newman, P.H. (2007). Theories of Human Development. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, publishers.
- Pal, H.R. (2006). Advanced Educational Psychology (Hindi) New Delhi. Delhi University.
- Pal, H.R. and Sharma, M. (2007). Education of Gifted (Hindi), New Delhi: Kshipra.
- Piaget J. (1997).Development and Learning. In M. Gauvian and M. Cole.(eds.) Readings on the Development of Children. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company