Syllabus | B. Ed. | PE1: Childhood and Growing Up

S. No Topic Domain Hours
Unit – I Development of Child at different Stages

(Childhood and Adolescence)

·     Concept, Meaning and general principles of Growth and development. Stages of Development—growth and development across various stages from infancy to Adolescence

·     Physical, Intellectual, Social and Moral Development and their interrelationship

·     Piaget’s concept of cognitive development

·     Kohlberg’s theory of moral development

·     Erikson’s psycho-social development theory

·     Factors affecting Growth and development

·     Relative role of heredity and environment in development

·     Concept of growth and maturation

·     Facilitating holistic development (For self and society)

  Must Know








Desirable to Know




Nice to Know

Unit – II Understanding Adolescence: Issues and Concerns

·      Realistic and contextual frames of growing up in Adolescence

·      Cultural differences and Adolescence

·      Impact of economic changes and urbanization

·      Impact of Media

·      Adolescence in difficult circumstances: Increasing loneliness, changing family    structure and rising permissiveness

·      Issues and Concerns

·      Problems of adjustment

·      Understanding of emotional disturbance and risk behavior

·      Identity Crisis

·      Parent child conflict

·      Drug addiction and Abuse

·      Bullying

·      Juvenile delinquency

Health awareness – Personal Hygiene, Nutrition, Disease prevention and Control





Must Know








Nice to Know

Unit – III Understanding Childhood in Socio Cultural Perspective

·     The 21st century child and childhood in the context of Poverty, Globalization and Adult Culture

Concept of Socialization

·     Family- Parenting, Child rearing practices and influence on developmental aspects of childhood and adolescence

·     Peers- Friendship and Gender, Competition, Cooperation and Conflict, Aggression and Peer Influences

·     School- Relationship with Peers, Teachers and Staff, Teacher Expectation and school Achievement, Overage Learners and Peer Relationships

·     Social, Economic and Cultural differences in Socialization: Implications for inclusion

Promoting Development of All Children in the classroom

Positive Classroom Environment, Social and Emotional Wellbeing of All children, Addressing Diversity and Equality

 Nice to Know


Must Know










Desirable to Know

Unit – IV Childhood Issues and Concerns

Social issues:

·     Measures for Adjustment and Education of children in difficult circumstances like:

·         Separation of Parents

·         Loss of parents in Armed conflict

·         Survivors of Child Abuse

·         Slum Areas

·         Weaker sections

Health Concerns

·      Child Obesity: Causes and Remedies, Prevention through Sports activities and Yoga

·      Child Abuse: Issues, Problems and Awareness about Rights of the Child

Equity Issues and Inclusion: Inclusion of the Differently Abled Street Children and other marginalized groups in the context of India: Problems and strategies to achieve Education for All

 Must Know



Desirable to Know




Must Know


Tasks & Assignments: Any Two Activities

  • Administer any two of the following Psychological Tests and prepare a report on it:
    • Adjustment Inventory
    • Self-Concept Questionnaire/ Inventory
    • Parenting Style Inventory
    • Parental Disciplinary Practices Scale
  • Studying Children in varying contexts in Childhood by undertaking a detailed Case Study of a Child
  • Prepare an Observation Schedule and observe the behavior of a child in school setting.
  • Prepare a Survey Report on “How media is affecting the behavior of growing children” on a group of Ten Children of age 6-14 years in terms of enhancing violence and developmental aspects of childhood. (The survey should be based on the collection of the data using a questionnaire)


Suggested Reading:

  • Aries, P. (1965).Centuries of Childhood-A Social History of the Family Life. Random House Inc. Chapter 1: The Ages of Life, Chapter 2: The Discovery of Childhood, and Conclusion – The two concepts of childhood.
  • Bhatia, H. R. (1990). Elements of Educational Psychology Bombay: Orient Langman Ltd.
  • Bodrova, E. and Leong, D. (1996). Tools of the Mind. New Jersey: Merrill. Chapter 1: Introduction to the Vygotskian Approach. Chapter 2: Acquiring Mental Tools and Higher Mental Functions, Chapter 3: The Vygotskian Framework and Other Theories of Development and Learning, Chapter 4: The Zone of Proximal Development.
  • Chauhan, S. S. (2000). Psychology of Adolescence. New Delhi: Vikas Publishers.
  • Cole, M., Cole, S. R. and Lightfoot, C. (2004). The Development of Children. New York: Worth Publishers. Chapter 1: The study of Human Development.
  • Crain, W. (1992).Theories of Development: Concepts and Applications. (3rd Edition). New Jersey: Prentice Hall. Chapter 7 Kohlberg’s Stages of Moral and Development, Chapter 8: Learning Theory: Pavlov, Watson, and Skinner, Chapter 9: Bandura’s Social Learning Theory, Chapter 11: Chapter 12: Erikson and the Eight Stages of Life.
  • Gilligan, C. (1977). In a Different Voice: Women’s Conception of Self and Morality. Harvard Educational Review, 47 (4), 481-517.
  • Hurlock, E. B. (1990). Adolescent Development. New York. McGraw Hill.
  • Kakkar, S.B (1978).Indian Childhood: Cultural Ideas, and Social Reality, New Delhi: Oxford.
  • Kauffman et al (1993).Exceptional Children. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Kundu, C.L. and Tutoo, D.N. (2000). Educational Psychology. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  • Mangal S.K (2002). Advanced Educational Psychology, New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India Private Limited.
  • Mathur, S. S. (2000). Shiksha Manovigyan. Agra: Vinod Pustak Bhandar.
  • Mukunda, K. V. (2009). What Did You Ask in School Today? A Handbook on Child Learning, Noida: Harper Collins. Chapter 2: Learning, 22-50; Chapter 6: Moral Development, 117-146.
  • Nanda, S.K (1995). Educational Psychology, Jalandhar: New Academic Publishing Co.
  • Newman, B. M. and Newman, P.H. (2007). Theories of Human Development. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, publishers.
  • Pal, H.R. (2006). Advanced Educational Psychology (Hindi) New Delhi. Delhi University.
  • Pal, H.R. and Sharma, M. (2007). Education of Gifted (Hindi), New Delhi: Kshipra.
  • Piaget J. (1997).Development and Learning. In M. Gauvian and M. Cole.(eds.) Readings on the Development of Children. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company