PE2: Contemporary India and Education

S. No Topic Domain Hours
Unit – I Constitution of India and Education

  • Concurrent status of Education
  • Policies, Acts and Provisions related to


  • Education of marginalized and

socially disadvantaged segments

  • Education and Fundamental Rights &

Duties: Articles 14, 15, 16, 30 and 51A

  • Directive Principles of State Policies
  • Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009
  • National Curriculum Framework 2005:

Needs and Objectives



Must Know

Desirable to Know



Must Know

Unit – II Review of Education Commissions and Policies in India:

  • Prominent characteristics of Education in
  • India during colonial rule
  • Critical appraisal of recommendations of following commissions
  • Secondary Education commission
  • (1952-53)
  • Indian Education Commission
  • (1964-66)
  • National Policy of Education
  • (1986)
  • Ramamurthy Education Commission
  • (1990)
  • Programme of Action
  • (1992)
  • National Knowledge Commission (NKC)
  • Learning without Burden (1993)


Desirable Know




Must Know

Nice to Know

Unit – III Initiatives of the Government of India

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)
  • Rastriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan


  • Mid day Meal (MDM)
  • Schemes for Girls, SC, ST & marginalized group
  • ICT in School Education: National
  • Repository of Open Educational
  • Resources (NROER)

Some Emerging Issues

  • Universalization of Elementary Education
  • Globalization, Liberalization and Privatization
  • Common School System
  • Vocationalisation of Education
  • Three Language Formulas
  • Open learning and Distance Education System

Must Know



Desirable to Know


Nice to Know

Unit – IV Contemporary Issues in Indian Education:

  • Culture and Education
  • Democracy and Education
  • Inequalities in Modern Education
  • New Economic Reforms and their impact on Education
  • Education for Technological Empowerment
  • Role of teacher in the context of Universal Education
  • Reservation as an egalitarian Policy
  • Modernization: Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages

Justice Verma Commission 2012 and

its recommendations


 Must Know


Nice to Know




Desirable to Know




Task & Assignments: Any Two Activities

  • Project on conflicts and social movements in India: Women, Dalit and Tribal movements
  • Comparative study of different kind of schools.
  • Causes of Poverty in Slum Areas/ Rural Areas and its Eradication.
  • Survey of backward locality to find out the causes of low literacy.


Suggested Readings:

  • Challenges of Education- A Policy Perspective, (1985). Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
  • Deshpande, S. (2004). Contemporary India: A Sociological View. New Delhi: Penguin.
  • Education for all (1993). The India scene, Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
  • Walia, J.S. (2011). Modern Indian Education and its Problems.Jalandhar: Paul Publishers.
  • Walia, J.S. (2011). Philosophical, Sociological and Economic Bases of Education. Jalandhar: Ahim Paul Publishers.
  • Kashyap, S.C. (2009). The Constitution of India. New Delhi National Book Trust.
  • Gera, L., Viswanathappa G. & Srinivas K. (2014). Foundations of Education. Hyderabad: Neelkamal Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • National Policy of Education (1986). Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi, 1992.
  • Pandey, K.P.(2010). Perspectives in Social Foundations of Education. New Delhi: Shipra Publications.
  • Programme of Action (1992). Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
  • Rajput, J.S. (1994). Universalisation of Elementary Education, Role of Teacher Education, New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House.
  • Report of the Education Commission Education and National Development (1964-66) Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi.
  • Report of the Secondary Education Commission (1952-53) Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi, 1949.
  • Report of the University Education Commission (1948) Ministry of Education, Govt. of India, New Delhi 1949.
  • Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2009.
  • Sadgopal, A.(2000). Shiksha Main Badlav ka Sawal: Samajik Anubhavo se Niti Tak. Delhi: Granth Shilpi.
  • Sadgopal, A. (2009). Muft aur Anivarya Shiksha Adhikaar Vidheyak 2009. Vimarsh Vol.1